1.1690 How The Failed Revolutions Of The Late 19th Century Affect Karl Marx's Theories On Socialism.
This paper will take detailed look at the failed revolutions of the late 19th century and reflect on how they affected Marx's theories on socialism. Special attention will be given to changes in his economic thought. In order to do justice to this topic, it is necessary to provide a brief background on socialism, marking its evolution through the centuries. Further, it is necessary to outline Marx's initial thoughts on socialism and socialist economics if any comparison is to be understood. Furthermore, a look at the social conditions that were prevalent in Europe in the late 19th century and also in the United States during the time of the Civil War must be given. After consolidating these various perspectives, the paper will conclude with the observation that the failed revolutions of the 19th century refined Marx's theories on socialism. 20 pgs. 24 f/c. 9b.
Bibliography: 9 source(s) listed
Filename: 1690 Karl Marx.doc
2.1902 Marx and Locke on Labor and Property.
The emphasis of this paper will be on Marx's position on property and labor, illustrating the similarities to the thoughts of his predecessor John Locke, known as the father of modern socialism in England. But while showing that the two theories have a great deal in common descriptively and analytically, there is also a great deal that separates them; such as their perspectives on private property. 5 pgs. 11 f/c. 6b.
Bibliography: 6 source(s) listed
Filename: 1902 Marx Locke Labor.doc
3.2069 Locke, Marx and Property, Labour and Rights.
This paper discusses how John Locke and Karl Marx argued very different views of property, labor and rights. Locke believed in private property rights and the state's obligation to protect them. Within this context, he extolled individual rights and the concept of the citizen's sovereignty. In his perspective, the state served the citizens and had to guarantee life, liberty and property. Marx, meanwhile, saw society through the lens of the "class struggle". He believed that the liberation of citizens would only come through the abolition of private property and, eventually, of the state itself. 9.5 pgs. 11 f/c. 5b.
Bibliography: 5 source(s) listed
Filename: 2069 Locke Marx Property.doc
4.2071 Marx and the Utilitarianism of Bentham.
This paper discusses both Marx's and Bentham's view of utilitarianism. Marx's vision was to literally change the world through revolution; usually conceived of in violent terms. Jeremy Bentham by way of stark contrast, never had any such dramatic vision. Bentham's efforts were directed at honing his particular (at times peculiar) brand of utilitarianism. His focus was reform; not revolution." He led the Philosophical Radicals groups which was dedicated to changing English institutions. 11 pgs. 13 f/c. 4b.
Bibliography: 4 source(s) listed
Filename: 2071 Marx and Bentham.doc
5.2048 Shoma Morita and Morita Therapy.
This paper discusses the early 20th century Japanese psychiatrist, Shoma Morita, pioneered what is now known as Morita Therapy by incorporating the principles of Zen Buddhism in the treatment of an anxiety neurosis known as shinkeishitsu. According to the definitions of western medicine, this condition amounts to social anxiety, extreme nervousness and sometimes, a diagnosis of anxiety disorder, too. The Morita approach has gained popularity in Japan and North America in the latter part of the century, with a general broadening of applications. Dr. Morita's central idea was one of realistic action as self-development according to the exercises described presently. 5.5 pgs. 10 f/c. 14b.
Bibliography: 14 source(s) listed
Filename: 2048 Morita Therapy.doc
6.11862 The 'New Imperialism' of 1870-1914.
This paper examines the 'New Imperialism' ('Capitalist Imperialism') of 1870-1914. Theoretically is structured around a debate about Marxist analyses of imperialism, particularly in this period, and alternative explanations. 10 pgs, bibliography lists 11 sources.
Bibliography: 11 source(s) listed
Filename: 11862 The New Imperialism.doc
7.2199 Barthe's and the Bourgeoisie: A Marxist Critique of Works and Texts.
This paper details the Marxist critique of Roland Barthes of the works, "From Work to Text" and "The Communist Manifesto". 3.5 pgs. 6 f/c.2b.