The phenomenon associated with the mystery of the use of proper names has been debated by philosophers for over a century. Philosopher G. Frege provided one of the most profound theories to this problem in that he showed that senses, as well as references, played a vital role to our understanding of names. For J.S. Mill, a proper name was an essentially meaningless mark that people used in order to connect certain ideas and things in their minds. According to Mill, the function of proper names was not to get certain general information across to anyone, since names did not really carry any meaning in and of themselves. They were simply used to allow people to be make some kind of sense out of their conversation. 10 pgs. 11 f/c. 5b.
Bibliography: 5 source(s) listed
Filename: 1936 Proper Names.doc
2.2010 The Nature and Validity of Relativism.
Relativism, although it contains several variants, can be succinctly defined as the viewpoint that no objective standards of good and bad, right and wrong, can be discovered by mankind, and that, furthermore, no objective knowledge of the world is available to us either. This paper explores the validity of relativism by looking at at the Philosopher's Protagoras' definition as well as his beliefs on the topic. Plato's views are also discussed on this topic. 4 pgs. 2 f/c. 1b.
Bibliography: 1 source(s) listed
Filename: 2010 Validity of Relativism.doc
3.2011 An Argument from Relativity.
This paper makes an argument from relativism. A foundation argument of skepticism, relativism holds with no absolute moral truth but is dependent on an individual's or community's interpretation of a moral truth. A skeptic is one who believes that ethics is subjective. In other words, that certain moral principles are neither true nor false in and of themselves but simply have ascribed to them those properties according to taste and convenience. The argument from relativity takes as its premise that moral codes vary from society to society, time period to time period and also takes into account the differing moral beliefs between different classes and groups within a society. 3.5 pgs. 7 f/c. 3b.
Bibliography: 3 source(s) listed
Filename: 2011 Argument From Relativity.doc
4.2033 Self - Formation & the Concept of self as inseparable from Communication.
A Philosophical Analysis.The following is a philosophical analysis of the concept of 'self-formation', and in turn, the relation to human communication. Examined in this paper, will be the specific notion as to whether such a 'thing' as a self exists, without a notion of a community or communication. What will be argued, is that the self, in-itself, is inseperable from language, and if one can understand the nature of one-self, then, one has access to the self through communication. Further, if there is no such thing as a private language, or a self-understanding which cannot be shared to some extent, then, the notion of the self has to be understood as communally determined. 7.5 pgs. 17 f/c. 4b.
Bibliography: 4 source(s) listed
Filename: 2033 Philosophical Analysis.doc
5.2289 Knowledge of Oneself.
This paper looks at how there can't really be an agreement on how a person can know essential aspects of one's own identity. The views of the mentioned various philosophers reveals, perhaps, that the truth may be somewhere in the middle. This paper looks at philosophers such as Descartes, Proust, Kant and Locke. 7 pgs. 4 f/c. 5b.
Bibliography: 5 source(s) listed
Filename: 2289 Knowledge of Oneself.doc
6.2608 Thoreau and Civil Disobedience.
This brief essay looks at the recently implemented "Operation Refusal" by Mayor Giuliani which makes it illegal for taxi drivers to ignore African-American passengers. The ideas of Henry David Thoreau are juxtaposed in this essay by trying to find the answer in civil disobedience rather than picking on taxi drivers. 4 pgs. 0 f/c. 0b.
Bibliography: 0 source(s) listed
Filename: 2608 New York Taxi.doc
7.2664 The Levinas' Concept of Saying.
This paper discusses how there is a limit to language in some important respects. This paper will examine the limits in this sense as they are articulated and examined in section 17 of his paper titled "God and Philosophy". 4.5 pgs. 5 f/c. 1b.