1.1515 Billy Budd: Blessed Innocence and Depraved Intelligence.
This essay will argue that it is possible to read "Billy Budd" on a number of levels. Of course, it is an interesting tale of shipboard life at the end of the eighteenth century. As well, it may be seen as an allegory for the life of Christ, with the virtuous, innocent and inarticulate Billy Budd standing in for Christ. On yet another level it may be seen as a story of innocent virtue versus experienced corruption and impotence. In this respect, Melville's intended American audience may have read the story as tale of the corruption of the Old World and its decaying cosmopolitan civilization. 3 pgs. 9 f/c. 1b.
Bibliography: 1 source(s) listed
Filename: 1515 Billy Budd.doc
2.1529 An Examination of Melville's Use of Symbolism in Billy Budd.
The most striking feature of the collective body of critical response to Billy Budd is the sheer volume of differing interpretations of the piece's symbolism. Despite the profusion of differing opinions regarding Billy Budd, there are two main schools of thought that most scholarly responses tend to represent. The first group interprets the wealth of Biblical symbolism in the story as designating a parallel to the epic Christian battle between good and evil. The second group sees the piece as an examination of society which brings together embodiments of various political philosophies in Melville's final comment on the place of good and evil in modern civilization. In this paper, I will briefly outline both of these critical theories and the principal symbols that support each. 6 pgs. 17 f/c. 8b.
Bibliography: 8 source(s) listed
Filename: 1529 Melville's Symbolism.doc
3.1657 The Book of Daniel.
E.L Doctorow has always been a writer who juxtaposes fictional events with historical ones. The Book of Daniel is no exception. While the character of Daniel is fictional, the events depicted--a thinly disguised version of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial, the communist scare fanned by Senator McCarthy, the Viet Nam War--are all rooted in history. Daniel's journey then is both historical and personal, ricocheting between the past and the present as he attempts to find meaning in the events of his own life and those of his culture. The Book of Daniel is like its Biblical counterpart, part lamentation and part exhortation. History is a catalogue of a "time of trouble" in which some figures of the past will awake to 'everlasting contempt' while others turn to righteousness. Daniel struggles with both, an inherited past and an uncertain future. In the end, however, he finds his way. 8 pgs. 17 f/c. 6b.
Bibliography: 6 source(s) listed
Filename: 1657 Book Daniel.doc
4.1949 Sherwood Anderson's Bentley Family.
This paper examines the work of Sherwood Anderson regarding the Bentley family of Winesburg, Ohio. The author uses other works to understand Anderson's work. 6 pgs. 15 f/c. 4b.
Bibliography: 4 source(s) listed
Filename: 1949 Anderson's Bentley Family.doc
5.1801 The Hemingway Hero and Code in Farewell to Arms and The Sun Also Rises.
13 pgs. 16 f/c. 10 b.
Bibliography: 10 source(s) listed
Filename: 1801 Hemingway Hero.doc
6.1896 Naturalism in "Maggie: A Girl of the Streets".
The following paper deals with the subject of naturalism as it applies to and is found in Stephen Crane's story, "Maggie: A Girl of the Streets." It is the aim of the present study to both illumine this concept through textual support. 4 pgs. 17 f/c. 5b.
Bibliography: 5 source(s) listed
Filename: 1896 Naturalism.doc
7.1919 The Powerful and Powerless in "The Grapes of Wrath".
This paper discusses the theme of the powerful and powerless in his book "The Grapes of Wrath". John Steinbeck was deeply concerned with the issue of the powerless and the powerful in American society in the 1930s. He saw tremendous misery in the context of the haves and the have-nots during the depression. It is clear that Steinbeck sees a certain struggle between what he sees as economic determinism and human freedom. He sees this as an effect of life under capitalism, and life in the human world in general. The rich get richer, and the poor get poorer. In this light, Steinbeck becomes very interested on how the poor form groups. Steinbeck appears to be telling us that it is in this manner that the poor will be able to be victorious against the forces of greed and profit. 7 pgs. 7 f/c. 3b.