Subject Search for: European Studies (History, Culture) / Eastern Europe, Russia
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1.1908 Interpreting the Russian Revolutions of 1917.
The portrayal of the Russian Revolutions has at times proved so markedly different, that it is hard to believe that authors or observers are discussing the same event. This paper focuses on this discrepancy in representation, highlighting the various factors which determined the way in which 1917 has been portrayed by first-hand observers, and later, by professional historians. In a case like that of the Russian Revolutions, where the generation of ensuing scholars and interpreters of other kinds were constrained by political ideology, we will see that history became the handmaid of the totalitarian regime, particularly under Stalin and his supporters. 7 pgs. 17 f/c. 6b.
2.1939 Russian Nationalism: the Failed Political Project.
My concern, though, is with the political use of nationalism in the post-Soviet context, although it must be viewed with the horizon of history in mind if the themes are to unfold in their entirety. The theme I will develop here is one of repression, of violence between the core/periphery divide of Russia and its 'subordinate' non-Russian provinces. The paper has two main objectives: first, to briefly sketch the impact of nationalism on the political system of post-Soviet Russia; and second, to describe how competing groups (vis-a-vis Russia) define themselves and use nationalism to legitimize their political aims, and sometimes also the crimes and brutalities that are spin-offs of the actualizing process. 10 pgs. 14 f/c. 11b.
Bibliography: 11 source(s) listed
Filename: 1939 Russian Nationalism.doc
3.2023 Economic and Political Progress in Russia.
This paper examines Russia as facing the greatest challenge in the transition from plan to market. It might even be argued that Russia faces the greatest political and economic challenge the world has ever known. As the mother of communism, Russia was longer steeped in its tenets than its satellite states. And as a geo-political behemoth, creating social consensus and moving towards democratic consolidation has always been next to impossible. In the end, Russia is an un-natural economic and political unit. To present, this has made success impossible, and more of the same can be expected in the future. Russia's next leader will inherit a legacy that is unwieldy, corrupt, bankrupt (morally and financially), and almost doomed to failure. Only if you have the hands of a magician, Mr. Primakov, can you make something of this disaster. 14 pgs. 24 f/c. 7b.
Bibliography: 7 source(s) listed
Filename: 2023 Economic Progress Russia.doc
4.2024 U.S.S.R Questions Answered.
In light of what you know about the state of industry and agriculture in the USSR in the 1920s and the experience of the 1930s, evaluate the theoretical arguments of at least 3 of Bukharin, Chayanov, Fellman, and Preobrazhensky. Considering developments in the USSR after the Revolution, indicate which (if any) features of the Soviet economy by the end of the 1930s can only be understood for the reasons below and which should be attributed to other factors. Many features of the state socialist economies, from their degree of centralization, via the share of accumulation in the national income, to their regional policies, can only be understood if their need to catch up with the advanced countries is appreciated. 4 pgs. 0 f/c. 0b.
Bibliography: 0 source(s) listed
Filename: 2024 USSR Questions Answered.doc
5.2198 Eastern Europe: The Interwar Years.
This paper discusses how Balkan nationalism and Balkan politics were neither created nor defined by World War I. The events of 1914-1918 expressed a continuation of trends, some of long standing, others as recent as the Balkan Wars. Nevertheless, the war and the post-war settlements had enormous impact for the Balkan peoples. 7 pgs. 0b. 6b.
Bibliography: 6 source(s) listed
Filename: 2198 Europe Interwar Years.doc
6.2757 The Collapse of the Center: Aspects of the Implosion of the Socio-Economic System in the Former Soviet Union and the Notion of Inevitability.
This paper will trace aspects of the centralizing process with reference to social and economic systems in an attempt to illustrate the difficulty, if not impossibility, of sustaining the Soviet regime as it was. As such, it was only a matter of time before the U.S.S.R imploded, unable to maintain either the requisite coercion or economic controls to keep modernizing, nationalist, or secessionist forces under control. Special emphasis will be placed on events pertaining to the latter half of the twentieth century where the powerful center began to lose its grip on the union piecemeal. The focus of this paper will highly aspects of two central problems in the Soviet Union: first, the regional economic disparities; and second, the ethnic and nationalistic upheavals that brought the Soviet Union, already teetering precariously on the brink of collapse, to its final collapse. 6 pgs. 17 f/c. 10b.
Bibliography: 10 source(s) listed
Filename: 2757 Former Soviet Union.doc
7.4181 Chechnya: Books in Review.
This paper reviews Thomas De Waal's and Carlotta Gall's "Chechnya, Calamity in the Caucasus", John Dunlop's "Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict", Stasys Knezys' and Romanas Sedlickas' "The War in Chechnya", and Anatol Lieven's "Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power". The review synthesizes the main theme of the demise of Russian nationalism. 17 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.