Subject Search for: African-American Studies / Racism, Anti-racism, Post-colonialism
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1.1702 Discrimination Against African Americans: Past and Present.
This paper will address the issues and concepts that surround discrimination against African Americans throughout history. However, the conclusion is made that, while there is some support for the widely held notion that ethnic and racial inequality is slowly diminishing in the US, a more substantial body of evidence suggests that there really is not much to be applauded. This paper will look at the first African Americans, the Pullman Porters, African Americans that have actively participated in American military service, and a look at the present-day demographic and occupational situation experienced by many African Americans. 21 pgs. 37 f/c. 11b.
2.1735 Oppression and Transgression: Apartheid and Acts of Resistance in South Africa.
This paper will examine the history of South Africa in the twentieth century. With an emphasis upon its recent history, it will be argued that we may understand the history of the resistance against Apartheid only by appreciating its complexity. It will begin with a discussion of the origins of the racist state in 1910, and early responses to racist oppression on the part of groups such as the African National Congress that was formed in 1912. It will be shown how this resistance gradually evolved from peaceful protest to violent struggle in reaction to the casual brutalities of the racist system, which was punctuated by random atrocities such as the Sharpeville Massacre. It will be seen that the resistance against Apartheid was also fought on other fronts; most significantly in the form of the economic pressure and sanctions exerted against the regime by both domestic and foreign opponents. 10 pgs. 27 f/c. 6b.
Bibliography: 6 source(s) listed
Filename: 1735 Apartheid Resistance.doc
3.2182 Sembene's and Mandela's Vision.
Ousmane Sembene and Nelson Mandela offer two visions of postcolonial Africa. Mandela envisions the future as promising and sees the possibility of cooperation between former oppressors and victims. He sees the struggle through the lens of the individual and envisions humanity as frail and yet filled with courage. He is optimistic and forgiving. Sembene is not as forgiving and his vision is one more of protest. He does not see the possibility of cooperation and envisions the struggle through the lens of the collective, rather than through the individual. Overall, Mandela has the more realizable vision, because it is more tuned into the real world and understanding of human nature. There cannot be perfection and a society must ultimately try to reconcile its differences. 3 pgs. 0 f/c. 2b.
Bibliography: 2 source(s) listed
Filename: 2182 Sembene Mandela Vision.doc
4.2669 The Social Construction of Racism.
This paper will focus on how racism is socially constructed in our society. Essentially, this paper will deal with how the media portrays African Americans in such a way that it makes it virtually impossible for them to empower themselves. 11 pgs. 15 f/c. 5b.
Bibliography: 5 source(s) listed
Filename: 2669 Social Construction Racism.doc
5.3767 The Struggle Over African American Cultural Identity.
This paper discusses the political struggle over cultural identity via "the naming" process, whereby certain social constructions reinforce systems of racial oppression. Throughout American history, racial identities have been formed by not only politics, but also by the intersection of class and racial boundaries. The paper argues that African Americans must struggle to rid themselves of certain traits that have been internalized from the white power structure. African Americans must work to open a discourse outside of the parameters of language built by white elites. In this way they can shape their own racial and cultural identity. 7 pgs. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Bibliography: 8 source(s) listed
Filename: 3767 African American Identity.doc
6.4011 Black Achievements And Social Identity.
This paper discusses race stereotypes, namely that suggesting that blacks are not as intelligent as whites. This concept is, of course, patently untrue as there are many black intellectuals in the United States who have made significant contributions to American history, scholarship and culture. This essay will argue that while untrue, the stereotype of blacks as less intelligent than their white counterparts has negatively affected black self-identity as a race. By drawing on a range of sources and fields, this study will attempt to demonstrate some of the many accomplishments and contributions made by black scholars, politicians and cultural figures before discussing what we, as a society, can do to give blacks the credit that they deserve. Finally, the essay will conclude by recapping some of these numerous achievements made by blacks, and how these have made an impact on the history and culture of the United States. Sadly, when society does not give credit where credit is due to blacks, they fall within this unfortunate stereotype. When we do, however, these individuals are seen as capable, intelligent people. One of the fundamental objectives of this study is to suggest what we can do to assure that this stereotype is not perpetuated, and that blacks can use this as an opportunity to change their collective identity in a positive way. 16 pgs. Bibliography lists 14 sources.
Bibliography: 14 source(s) listed
Filename: 4011 Black Achievements Identity.doc
7.4024 Images of Black Women and "How Stella Got Her Groove Back".
This paper discusses the depiction of African American females in American culture. The Anita Hill/Clarence Thomas hearings demonstrated the difficulty American culture has in considering the issues of race and sex/gender. Thus, the movie "How Stella Got Her Groove Back" is used as a reference to explore this theme. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.